The Qikiqtani Truth Commission (QTC) was created by the Qikiqtani Inuit Association (QIA) in October 2007. The QIA manages Inuit-owned land and is mandated to protect and promote the rights and interests of Inuit of the Baffin Region, High Arctic and Belcher Islands. It created the Commission to investigate facts, interview witnesses, hold public hearings and report—to members of the QIA and the public—the truth surrounding the alleged dog slaughter, relocations and other decisions made by the Canadian government up until 1975, and to consider the effects of these decisions on Inuit culture, economy and way of life.
The QTC did not investigate High Arctic relocations, residential schools or matters subject to other processes.
The QTC is the first Inuit-sponsored and Inuit-led initiative of its kind. It is also a rare example of a comprehensive social justice inquiry led by an Aboriginal organization.