Jayko Apak was born in 1957 according to his parents, and in 1956 according to the government. He grew up with his grandparents near Clyde River. His testimony includes information about his experience of health evacuation to the Hamilton sanitarium as a young child. When he came back, he could no longer speak Inuktitut and he felt alienated from his family. While was still a child, he witnessed an RCMP officer and an HBC store clerk shooting most of his father’s dogs around 1965-1967. The dogs were loose.