Sammy Josephee was born in 1938. Sammy grew up in Iqaluit, but in 1955 at the age of 12 or 14 years old was evacuated to Hamilton for medical purposes. He returned north in 1958. Sammy’s testimony includes information about the arrival of the American military in Iqaluit in 1944, and his family’s relocation by kayak to the mainland at Pitsilik. Sammy testifies that he began working in 1966 and was employed for 39 years as a bus driver and heavy equipment operator.